The Japanese tea ceremony, also called the Way of Tea, is aJapanese cultural activity involving the ceremonial preparation and presentation of matcha, powdered green tea. In Japanese, it is calledchanoyu (茶の湯) or chadō (茶道; also pronounced sadō). The manner in which it is performed, or the art of its performance, is called otemae(お手前; お点前; 御手前). Zen Buddhism was a primary influence in the development of the tea ceremony.
Tea gatherings are classified as ochakai (お茶会) or chaji (茶事).Chakai is a relatively simple course of hospitality that includes the service of confections, thin tea (薄茶 usucha ), and perhaps a light meal. Chaji is a more formal gathering, usually with a full-course meal (kaiseki), followed by confections, thick tea (濃茶 koicha ), and thin tea. A chaji will likely last at least four hours.